How Many Kinds of Deeds Are There in Florida?

When you buy real estate in Florida and when you sell real estate in Florida, it’s important to think about the kind of deed to convey real property.  There are many kinds of deeds in Florida. Here are a few of them:

If you are the buyer, you want the seller to sign a statutory warranty deed because it means the seller gives various warranties to you, such as a warranty of title. If the title fails, then you could sue the seller for breach of warranty. This is the type of deed that is usually prepared by lawyers and title insurance agents for closings in Florida. It is the type of deed specified in the form contracts issued by the Florida Association of Realtors and The Florida Bar. But, there is no law that says it must be used.

If you are the seller, you want to sign a fee simple deed because it contains no warranties but it still purports to convey fee simple title. If the contract or buyer require a warranty deed instead of a fee simple deed, then the seller can try to negotiate to sign a special warranty deed which gives the warranties only for the period of time that the seller owned the property.

If you are a trustee, personal representative or guardian, then you want to sign a special type of deed for that capacity, which is similar to a fee simple deed and gives no warranties because it would obligate the trust, estate or guardianship beyond the term of your office.

If you are not sure whether you really own the property, then you want to sign a quit claim deed. Nonlawyers sometimes mistakenly call this a quick claim deed but the correct name is quit claim deed. Doing this means you quit claim your interest to the grantee, meaning that you only convey to the grantee whatever interest you have in the property, and if you have no interest in the property then you are conveying nothing.

Of course, it’s very important to have your own attorney review any deed before you sign it. And it’s imperative that a title search and title insurance be obtained from a licensed title insurance company before you sign a deed, too.

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